• RuneScape, sometimes mentioned as RuneScape 3, is a fantasy massively multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG) developed and published by Jagex, first released in January 2001. RuneScape was originally a browser game built with the Java programming language but was largely replaced by a standalone C++-coded client in 2016. the sport has had over 200 million accounts created and is recognized by the Guinness World Records because of the world’s largest and most-updated free MMORPG.
  • RuneScape takes place within the world of Gielinor, a medieval fantasy realm divided into different kingdoms, regions, and cities. Players can travel throughout Gielinor via a variety of methods including on foot, magical spells, or charter ships. Each region offers different types of monsters, resources, and quests to challenge players. The game’s fictional universe has also been explored through a tie-in computer game on another of its maker’s websites, FunOrb, Armies of Gielinor, and the novels Betrayal at Falador Return to Canifis, and Legacy of Blood.
  • Players are represented within the game with customizable avatars. RuneScape doesn’t follow a linear storyline; rather, players set their own goals and objectives. Players can prefer to fight non-player character (NPC) monsters, complete quests, or increase their experience within the available skills. Players interact with one another through trading, chatting, or by participating in mini-games and activities, a number of which are competitive or combative in nature, while others require cooperative or collaborative play.
  • The first public version of RuneScape was released in January 2001 in beta form, with Jagex as its copyright holder being formed later that year. because the game’s popularity grew, the sport engine was rewritten and released as RuneScape 2, with the first version of the sport being renamed RuneScape Classic. The third iteration of the sport, referred to as RuneScape 3, was released in July 2013. Old School RuneScape, a separate, older version of the sport dating from August 2007 was released in February 2013 and is maintained alongside the first client. it had been announced that mobile ports of both versions of RuneScape would be released for Android and iOS devices in 2018.


Players begin during a secluded area, where they’re taken through a tutorial, a group path where they learn the foremost basic skills in RuneScape.After the tutorial, players have access to tutors and advisors located within the towns they explore, who can give players appropriate information about their respective skills.

Players set their own goals and objectives as they play the sport. they will train their in-game skills, engage non-player character (NPC) monsters, and other players in combat, and complete quests at their discretion. Players interact with one another through trading, chatting, or by participating in mini-games.


There are 28 skills in RuneScape, 17 skills available to free-to-play players, and a further 11 for members, which enable players to perform various activities allowing interaction with NPCs, the environment, and other players. Players gain experience points during a skill once they use it. for instance, mining ore trains the mining skill, and when the player accumulates enough experience points within the skill, their character will “level up”. As a skill level rises, the power to retrieve better raw materials and produce better products increases, as does the experience awarded if the player uses new abilities. the entire skill level of a player partly symbolizes the player’s status within the game and subscribers with a high total level can appear on the high scores. Upon reaching the very best available level during a skill, members may buy a special cape to symbolize their achievement.

Some skills, like woodcutting and fishing, enable the player to gather raw materials which will be processed into usable items for other skills, like fletching and cooking respectively. the things created are often employed by the player or sold to shops and other players. Other skills allow players to kill certain NPCs, build their own houses, move round the map with greater ease, steal from various NPCs, market stalls and chests located in-game, light fires, cook their food, create their own potions, craft runestones, and weapons, plant their own plants, hunt NPC animals, raid dungeons, and summon familiars to help in combat and training skills.


RuneScape features a semi-real-time combat system. Combat is a crucial aspect of the sport, allowing players to defeat monsters to get dropped items or to finish quests. A combat level is an indicator of how powerful a player or NPC is in combat. For players, it’s determined by applying a mathematical formula to their combat skills. Players engage in combat by clicking on the enemy they need their character to attack and can automatically continue fighting until they kill their opponent, die, or retreat from the fight. Most of the game’s weapons are medieval or fantastical in nature and have different strengths and weaknesses. Players can also summon a well-known to help with combat, use special attacks called “abilities” to deal additional damage, and use potions and therefore the Prayer skill to spice up their combat prowess.

Combat is subdivided into three main categories: melee, magic, and ranged. Melee attacks are close range, magic attacks specialize in using runestones to cast spells, and ranged attacks use projectile weapons like arrows, darts, or throwing knives. These combat types structure a “Combat Triangle”, which governs the effectiveness of designs during a rock-paper-scissors fashion; melee beats ranged, ranged beats magic, magic beats melee, and every style is neutral to itself. The advantages and drawbacks of the combat triangle apply to both NPCs and player opponents. Players aren’t required to settle on a personality class nor are they sure to a selected category of combat. They will freely change between or combine the three sorts of combat by switching weapons and armor.

Combat is governed by a life points system. Every combatant features a maximum capacity of life points and dies when their health is depleted to 0. Lost life points are often recovered by consuming certain food or drinks, or casting abilities. Players who die reappear at a respawn point of their choice with their life and skill points restored; however, they drop about three chosen items, also as certain common items. Dying spawns a gravestone that will hold all of the player’s items and can last for an allotted time; however, there are situations during which all items are going to be lost upon death. If the player doesn’t return in time, the grave will collapse and their items will disappear.

In June 2012 players were invited to beta-test a replacement combat system named “Evolution of Combat”, including fundamental changes like re-balancing the Combat Triangle to avoid favoring melee attacks and replacing special weapon attacks with abilities that produce a variety of effects when activated. The system was released on the live game on 20 November 2012. Various polls were also added for players to vote on in-game that might determine the results of future content development, a number of which might dictate the event of the improved combat system. A beta for a separate combat system dubbed “Legacy Mode” was opened to players on 16 June 2014, before being introduced to the live game on Bastille Day. Legacy Mode allows players to modify the combat system and interface from before June 2012 rather than the Evolution of Combat system.

Player versus player combat

Player versus player combat (PvP) is often performed in specific controlled mini-games and in a neighborhood referred to as the Wilderness. The Duel Arena allows players to stake money and items, while other PvP games offer their own rewards. within the Wilderness, players can engage in combat as long as their combat levels fall within a particular range of every other, and if a player kills their opponent they’re going to be ready to claim their opponent’s items as a gift.

Before December 2007, players visited the Wilderness to fight other players within a particular combat level range, hoping to kill them and gain their items. In December 2007, the Wilderness was altered to stop players from transferring in-game items for real-world currency. PvP combat was far away from the Wilderness and temporarily restricted to new mini-games named Bounty Hunter and Clan Wars. Bounty Hunter was replaced by special Bounty Worlds on 6 May 2009 during which players were confined to the Wilderness and will be assigned specific targets to kill.] “PvP Worlds” were introduced on 15 October 2008 where players could fight almost anywhere in Gielinor, but these and “Bounty Worlds” were removed when PvP combat within the Wilderness was restored on 1 February 2011.

Non-player interaction

NPCs populate the realm of Gielinor. Some NPCs, like shopkeepers and a few characters in quests, are unavailable for combat. However, most NPCs are often attacked and these are generally mentioned as monsters. Monsters range from common, low-level creatures, like chickens and goblins, to unique and sometimes far more powerful monsters, like the Queen Black Dragon, Telos, and Vorago.

Most monsters have their own strengths and weaknesses, notable exceptions being certain bosses, which haven’t any specific weaknesses. Demons, for instance, have a weak defense against ranged attacks, while metal dragons have an extremely high defense against ranged. The weakness of a private monster is displayed in an interface above its model, alongside its combat level and life points.

Monsters may either be aggressive or non-aggressive. Non-aggressive monsters ignore players unless attacked, while aggressive monsters may attack all players or may only attack players with combat levels below a specified level, counting on the circumstances or location. this will make sure areas throughout Gielinor dangerous or inconvenient to players with lower combat levels.

Player interaction

Players can interact with one another through trading, chatting, or by participating in mini-games and activities, a number of which are competitive or combative in nature, while others require cooperative or collaborative play. Players can trade items and gold coins with one another, either through a face-to-face trade or by employing a large automated marketplace referred to as the Grand Exchange.

The chat system enables players to speak with one another. Public Chat broadcasts text to players within the local area on one server, both by text appearing above the speaker’s head and within the message box. Friends Chat broadcasts text within the message box only to certain players tuned into a selected channel, who are often available on any RuneScape world. Each Friends Chat channel has an owner, who can assign different ranks to individual players; players’ ranks dictate their ability to perform administrative tasks within the channel. Clan Chat allows members of a clan to speak with one another through a separate channel. Quick Chat allows players to settle on from an inventory of predetermined messages to send as Public Chat, Clan Chat, or Friends Chat.

RuneScape also features independent mini-games, although most are only available to paying members. Mini-games happen in certain areas and normally involve specific in-game skills, and typically require players to cooperate or to compete with one another. samples of these mini-games include Castle Wars, which is analogous to the real-life game Capture the Flag, Pest Control, a highly combat-focused mini-game, and Fist of Guthix, where one player (the hunter) tries to prevent another player (the hunted) from collecting charges into a magical stone.


Quests are a series of tasks with a storyline that players can prefer to complete. These often have requirements including minimum levels in certain skills, combat levels, quest points, and/or the completion of other quests. Players receive various rewards for completion of quests, including money, unique items, access to new areas, quest points, and/or increases in skill experience. Some quests require players to figure together, and lots of require players to interact in challenging combat. Quests are grouped into categories supported requirements and difficulty. Once a player completes all quests within the game, an achievement item referred to as the “Quest Point Cape” is often claimed. New quests are released periodically.

Graphics and audio

RuneScape is often run with varying levels of graphical detail. High-detail graphics enhance texture and style, while low-detail graphics provide a cleaner look and may reduce lag on less powerful computers. RuneScape uses a graphics engine called “RuneTek 5”, which provides support for multiple graphics platforms like DirectX, OpenGL, and computer game consoles, also as graphical effects like sky boxes, bloom lighting, and Z-buffering. The high-detail version incorporates hardware acceleration and may be rendered using either Java OpenGL or DirectX.

RuneScape features a character-customization system. Player characters are human; however, players may choose the gender, hairstyle, facial hair, complexion, and clothing options. Appearance is further complemented by wearing or wielding items. Players can express emotions through the utilization of specialized animations called emotes, a number of which are standard et al. earned through gameplay or released during holiday events. Standard weapons of an equivalent class, like swords, use an equivalent set of animations in combat, while special weapons have their own, distinctive animations.

RuneScape has original music and ambient soundscapes. The music was designed to define the underlying cultures of the varied locations accessible, and ambient sounds, like the cry of seagulls flying over the ocean, occur in logical places. The game also incorporates voice acting in certain areas and situations. The RuneScape 3 update included orchestral music recorded in Bratislava, Slovakia, and was scored by James Hannigan


In 2018, it had been reported that Runescape had generated over $1 billion in lifetime revenue since its original launch.


The game received the “Role-Playing Game” award at The Independent Game Developers’ Association Awards 2018.


  • FIFA 20 is a football simulation computer game published by Electronic Arts as a part of the FIFA series. It’s the 27th installment within the FIFA series and was released on 27 September 2019 for Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 4, Xbox One, and Nintendo Switch. A Stadia version is due in 2020.
  • Real Madrid winger Eden Hazard was named the new cover star of the Regular Edition, with Liverpool defender Virgil van Dijk on the duvet of the Champions Edition. Former Juventus and Real Madrid midfielder Zinedine Zidane was later named because of the cover star for the last word Edition.
  • The game features VOLTA Football for the primary time, a replacement mode that gives a variance on the normal 11v11 gameplay and focuses on small-sided street and futsal games. The mode shares similarities to the previous FIFA Street series


  • Gameplay changes to FIFA 20 focus totally on a replacement feature titled VOLTA Football. The mode, which translates to ‘return’ in Portuguese, focuses on street football instead of the normal matches related to the FIFA series. It includes several options to play in three versus three, four versus four, and five versus five matches, also like professional futsal rules. The mode will incorporate an equivalent engine but places emphasis on skill and independent play instead of tactical or team play.
  • Additionally, players have the choice to customize their players by gender, clothing, shoes, hats, accessories, and tattoos. Following the completion of the three-part series “The Journey” in FIFA 19, players can now have an identical storyline mode in VOLTA Football, which might be played with the player’s own character. Alex Hunter also makes a cameo within the game, alongside his agent Beatriz Villanova.
  • Changes were also made to the normal 11 versus 11 modes to encourage more one-on-ones and off-the-ball space creation. New penalty and free-kick mechanics were implemented and updates were made to the ball physics.
  • VOLTA Football includes 17 locations, with each providing a singular experience. also as a generic warehouse and parking zone, players also can compete in Amsterdam, Barcelona, Berlin, Buenos Aires, Cape Town, Lagos, London, l. a. , Mexico City, Miami, NY City, Paris, Rio de Janeiro, Rome and Tokyo.
  • Commentary is once more provided by Martin Tyler and Alan Smith and alternated with Derek Rae and Lee Dixon for all competitions, with Alan McInally providing in-game score updates.
  • Each player has his own overall rating, Lionel Messi has the very best rating within the game with a 94.

Pro clubs

Pro clubs may be a game mode in FIFA 20 where players can create personalized pros and compete during a squad against other squads online. The target is to get up the Divisions, starting in Division 10 and climbing to compete for the Division 1 title.

Ultimate Team

Ultimate Team features 88 icon players, including 15 new names. Carlos Alberto, John Barnes, Kenny Dalglish, Didier Drogba, Michael Essien, Garrincha, Pep Guardiola, Kaká, Ronald Koeman, Andrea Pirlo, Ian Rush, Hugo Sánchez, Ian Wright, Gianluca Zambrotta, and Zinedine Zidane all feature as icons for the primary time.

Two new game modes – King of Capitol Hill and Mystery Ball, also are incorporated in Ultimate Team following their previous inclusion in kick-off mode. Mystery Ball gives the attacking side boosts to passing, shooting, dribbling, speed, or all attributes, adding unpredictability to each match. King of Capitol Hill sees players fight for possession during a randomly generated zone on the pitch to spice up the quantity the subsequent goal is worth. Ultimate Team also includes a replacement dedicated kit supporting Premier League’s no room for racism campaign.

Career mode

Career Mode, following feedback from the community, saw some major updates – mainly to the manager mode. New additions include fully interactive press conferences and player conversations, an improved player morale system that may affect the team or individual players’ stats, performance levels, and stance with the manager. the power to completely customize the manager’s appearance and gender, a replacement dynamic player potential system, live news screenshots, league oriented UI, and new negotiation environments.

VOLTA Football

The player, nicknamed “Revvy”, successfully tries out for the road eleven “J10”, named for and led by the legendary street footballer, Jason “Jayzinho” Quezada. Jayzinho’s dream to steer J10 to the planet Championship in Buenos Aires is dashed when he suffers an injury that will sideline him for several months. While Revvy and Sydney “Syd” Ko plan to stay, all the other players see no chance of winning without Jayzinho and quit. As J10 now only has two active players, Jayzinho plans to forfeit a tournament in Tokyo, organized by fellow legend Kotaro Tokuda. But Revvy convinces Jayzhino to possess Kotaro to find a replacement third player to satisfy the tournament’s three-player requirement.

In Tokyo, Kotaro introduces a 3rd player to hitch Revvy and Syd on the sector. To J10’s surprise, one among their former teammates, Peter Panna, is playing for an opposing team. After defeating his team to win the tournament, Peter apologizes for leaving and Revvy invites him back to J10, after which they play an exhibition against Kotaro’s team.

Jayzinho sends J10 to Amsterdam to coach with the legendary player, Edward Van Gils, and that they find former teammate Big T also. Big T challenges J10 to play and win five consecutive matches, which Revvy successfully helps accomplish. J10 defeats Big T’s team and Revvy asks him to rejoin J10. Afterward, J10 plays against legendary street footballer Rocky Hehakaija’s team.

Jayzinho sends J10 to Rio de Janeiro to recruit former member Bobbi Pillay. Bobbi had been training local youths in street football and invited J10 to play against her and her pupils, agreeing to return to J10 if they win. After winning, Vinícius Júnior and legendary street player Issy Hitman play against J10.

Thanks to J10’s streak and Syd’s social media campaigns, Revvy is invited to the distinguished Pro Street Invitational in NY City by Alex Hunter’s agent, Beatriz Villanova. Additionally, J10 earn an area within the World Championships.

At the NYC Pro Street Invitational, Revvy learns that Jayzinho was originally getting to be invited, but was replaced by Revvy thanks to his injury. Playing alongside and against several professional footballers, Revvy wins the tournament to great fanfare but is confronted by Jayzinho, who accuses him of intentionally undermining his leadership of J10 and stealing his glory. Jayzhino cuts ties with Revvy and therefore the remainder of the team.

At the planet Championship, Revvy discovers that Jayzinho has entered the tournament with a replacement team composed of all the legendary street players Revvy played against. Furthermore, Jayzinho has reclaimed the name J10 for his new team, forcing Revvy to settle on a replacement name for his team to play under.

As Revvy’s team progress through the championship, Beatriz offers to represent Revvy as a knowledgeable footballer. This development upsets Syd, as she assumes Revvy will accept Beatriz’s offer and abandon her as their other teammates had. Revvy reveals that before joining J10, he was offered contracts from several professional teams, but the offers were rescinded once Revvy fell into depression following his sister’s overtime. Revvy thanks Syd for helping him overcome his depression by reminding him of her, which Syd appreciates.

In the final, Revvy carries his team to defeat J10 and become the planet Champions. Revvy invites Jayzinho to lift the trophy at the celebration, publicly crediting him for establishing J10 and setting him down this path. Jayzinho reconciles with Revvy and celebrates alongside his former teammates. Jayzinho accepts Vinícius Júnior’s offer to run street tournaments across the planet, while Revvy declines Beatriz’s offer so as to continue playing street football for J10.


The game will feature quite 30 official leagues, over 700 clubs, and over 17,000 players. For the primary time in FIFA history, the Romanian Liga I and its 14 teams were added, also as Emirati club Al Ain, who were added following extensive requests from the fans within the region.

Juventus, Boca Juniors, and River Plate aren’t featured after they signed exclusive partnership deals with eFootball PES 2020, and instead are referred to as Piemonte Calcio (Juventus), Buenos Aires (Boca Juniors), and Núñez (River Plate), the sport has the players’ likenesses, but the official badge and kits are unavailable and instead features custom designs produced by EA Sports. The stadium licenses just like the Juventus Stadium, La Bombonera, and El Monumental aren’t within the game also. Bayern Munich is featured within the game with its licensed players and kits but without their home stadium Allianz Arena, which was also exclusive to PES 2020.

FIFA 20 will retain the exclusive licenses to the UEFA Champions League, UEFA Europa League, and UEFA Super Cup first seen in FIFA 19. The deal includes authentic broadcast packages, branding, and custom commentary. Additionally, the Copa Libertadores, Copa Sudamericana, and therefore the Recopa Sudamericana is featured within the game via an update released on 13 March 2020.

EA also signed an agreement with ITV to use the Soccer Aid branding included within the 10 June 2020 update, containing FUT icons in Kick-Off.


There are 92 fully licensed stadiums from 15 countries in FIFA 20, also 29 generic stadiums. Bramall Lane has been included following Sheffield United’s promotion, ensuring that each one Premier League teams have their respective stadiums. Three new Spanish stadiums have also been added – Estadio El Alcoraz (home of SD Huesca), Estadio De Vallecas (home of Rayo Vallecano), and Estadio José Zorrilla (home of Real Valladolid).

As a part of an in-depth new licensing deal, 13 new stadiums across the Bundesliga and a couple of. Bundesliga was included. These include BayArena (home of Bayer 04 Leverkusen), Mercedes-Benz Arena (home of VfB Stuttgart), Red Bull Arena (home of RB Leipzig) and Volkswagen Arena (home of VfL Wolfsburg). Also added into the sport is that the Groupama Stadium, home of Olympique Lyonnais in Ligue 1; Red Bull Arena, home of latest York Red Bulls in big league Soccer; also because the Atatürk Olympic Stadium, the venue originally slated to host the 2020 UEFA Champions League Final before the situation was changed to Lisbon thanks to the COVID-19 pandemic. 2 new stadiums were added in 2020 when the Copa Libertadores was released in March. The stadium Estadio Libertadores de América of the Argentinian club Club Atlético Independiente is now available, also because the stadium Estadio Presidente Juan Domingo Perón of the Argentinian club Racing Club de Avellaneda


Demo/EA Access

The FIFA 20 demo was released on 10 September 2019 and includes 6 playable teams which may be played on the UEFA Champions League kick-off mode – Borussia Dortmund, Liverpool, Chelsea, Paris Saint-Germain, Tottenham Hotspur, and Real Madrid and a demo of the new VOLTA Football mode. The demo is out there for PS4, Xbox One, and PC.

The game was released through the EA Access subscription on 24 September 2019, which also offers a free 10-hour trial.


FIFA 20 features three cover stars across all regional editions. Real Madrid winger Eden Hazard was named the new cover star of the Regular Edition, with Liverpool defender Virgil van Dijk on the duvet of the Champions Edition. Former Real Madrid midfielder and manager Zinedine Zidane was later named because of the cover star for the last word Edition.

Legacy Edition

Whilst the Xbox One, PS4, and PC versions will have all of the new features, the Nintendo Switch version will instead be a Legacy Edition, with updated kits, rosters and minor updates, but without the new VOLTA Football mode or any of the opposite new features. FIFA 20 wasn’t released on Xbox 360 or PlayStation 3, making FIFA 19 the ultimate game within the series to be released on those platforms.


FIFA 20 received “generally favorable” reviews for the PS4 and Xbox One versions of the sport from critics, while the Nintendo Switch version received “generally unfavorable” reviews from critics, consistent with review aggregator Metacritic.


Portal 2 is a puzzle-platform game developed by Valve. It was released in April 2011 for Windows, Mac OS X, Linux, PlayStation 3, and Xbox 360. The digital PC version is distributed online by Valve’s Steam service, while all retail editions were distributed by Electronic Arts.

Like the original Portal (2007), players solve puzzles by placing portals and teleporting between them. Portal 2 adds features including tractor beams, lasers, light bridges, and paint-like gels that alter player movement or allow portals to be placed on any surface. within the single-player campaign, players control Chell, who navigates the dilapidated Aperture Science Enrichment Center during its reconstruction by the supercomputer GLaDOS (Ellen McLain); new characters include robot Wheatley (Stephen Merchant) and Aperture founder Cave Johnson (J. K. Simmons). Within the new cooperative mode, players solve puzzles together as robots Atlas and P-Body (both voiced by Dee Bradley Baker). Jonathan Coulton and therefore the National produced songs for the sport.

Valve announced Portal 2 in March 2010 and promoted it with alternate reality games including the Potato Sack, a collaboration with several independent game developers. After release, Valve released downloadable content and a simplified map editor to permit players to make and share levels.

Portal 2 received approval for its gameplay, balanced learning curve, pacing, dark humor, writing, and acting. It’s been described together as one of the best video games of all time by numerous publications and critics.


Portal 2 may be a first-person perspective puzzle game. The player takes the role of Chell within the single-player campaign, together of two robots—Atlas and P-Body—in the cooperative campaign, or as a simplistic humanoid icon in community-developed puzzles. These three characters can explore and interact with the environment. Characters can withstand limited damage but will die after sustained injury. there’s no penalty for falling onto a solid surface, but falling into bottomless pits or toxic pools kills the player character immediately. When Chell dies within the single-player game, the sport restarts from a recent checkpoint; in the cooperative game, the robot respawns shortly afterward without restarting the puzzle. The goal of both campaigns is to explore the Aperture Science Laboratory—a complicated, malleable mechanized maze. While most of the sport takes place in modular test chambers with clearly defined entrances and exits, other parts occur in behind-the-scenes areas where the target is a smaller amount clear.

The initial tutorial levels guide the player through the overall movement controls and illustrate the way to interact with the environment. The player must solve puzzles using the ‘portal gun’ or ‘Aperture Science Handheld Portal Device’, which may create two portals connecting two distant surfaces depicted as matte white, continuous, and flat. Characters can use these portals to maneuver between rooms or to “fling” objects or themselves across a distance. Outlines of placed portals are visible through walls and other obstacles for straightforward location.

Game elements include Thermal Discouragement Beams (lasers), Excursion Funnels (tractor beams), and Hard Light Bridges, all of which may be transmitted through portals. Aerial Faith Plates launch the player or objects through the air and sometimes into portals. The player must disable turrets or avoid their line of sight. The Weighted Storage Cube has been redesigned, and there are new types: Redirection Cubes, which have prismatic lenses that redirect laser beams, spherical Edgeless Safety Cubes, an antique version of the Weighted Storage Cube utilized in the underground levels, and a cube-turret hybrid created by Wheatley after taking control of Aperture. The heart-decorated Weighted Companion Cube reappears briefly. Early demonstrations included Pneumatic Diversity Vents, shown to move objects and transfer suction power through portals, but these don’t appear within the final game. All of those game elements open locked doors or help or hamper the character from reaching the exit.

Paint-like gels (which are dispensed from pipes and may be transported through portals) impart certain properties to surfaces or objects coated with them. Players can use orange Propulsion Gel to cross surfaces more quickly, blue Repulsion Gel to bounce from a surface, and white Conversion Gel to permit surfaces to simply accept portals. just one sort of gel can affect a particular surface at a time. Some surfaces, like grilles, can’t be coated with a gel. Water can block or wash away gels, returning the surface or object to its normal state.

The game includes a two-player cooperative mode. Two players can use an equivalent console with a split-screen, or can use a separate computer or console; Windows, Mac OS X, and PlayStation 3 users can play with one another no matter platform. Both player-characters are robots that control separate portal guns and may use the opposite character’s portals. Each player’s portals are of a special color scheme, whereof one is blue and purple and therefore the other is orange and red. A calibration chamber separates the characters to show the players to use the communication tools and portals. Most later chambers are less structured and need players to use both sets of portals for laser or funnel redirection, launches, and other maneuvers. the sport provides speech between players, and online players can temporarily enter a split-screen view to assist coordinate actions. Players can “ping” to draw the opposite player’s attention to walls or objects, start countdown timers for synchronized actions, and perform joint gestures like waving or hugging. The game tracks which chambers each player has completed and allows players to replay chambers they need to be completed with new partners.

Portal 2’s lead writer Erik Wolpaw estimates each campaign to be about six hours long. Portal 2 contains in-game commentary from the sport developers, writers, and artists. The commentary, accessible after completing the sport once, appears on node icons scattered through the chambers. consistent with Valve, each of the single-player and cooperative campaigns is 2 to 2.5 times as long because the campaign in Portal, with the general game five times as long.


Portal 2 contains both scored and procedurally generated music created by Valve’s composer, Mike Morasky, and two songs; “Want You Gone” recorded by Jonathan Coulton, used on the ultimate credits of the single-player mode, and “Exile Vilify” by The National, utilized in the background of 1 of the Rat Man’s dens. The complete soundtrack “Songs to check By”, containing most of the songs within the game, was released as three free downloads between May and September 2011, and later in October 2012 as a retail Collector’s Edition, including the soundtrack from Portal.

Marketing and release

The March 2010 announcement said that Portal 2 would be released in late 2010. In August 2010, Valve postponed the discharge to February 2011, with a Steam release date of February 9, to allow it to finish changes to the game’s dialogue, to fill and connect about sixty test chambers, and to end refinements to the gel gameplay mechanic. Valve announced an extra delay in November 2010 and gave a worldwide release date through retail and online channels of April 18, 2011. Wolpaw stated that this eight-week delay was wont to expand the game’s content before reaching an indoor milestone called a “content lock”, after which no further content might be added. The remaining development work involved debugging. Newell allowed the delay considering the added benefits of the new content because he thought the corporation wouldn’t lose any commercial opportunities due to it. On February 18, 2011, Newell confirmed that Valve had completed the event work on Portal 2 which they were “waiting for final approvals and to urge the discs manufactured”.Portal 2 was the primary Valve product simultaneously released for Windows and Mac OS X computers through the Steam platform. Retail copies for all platforms were distributed by Electronic Arts.


After the success of Portal, Valve decided to form Portal 2 a standalone product, partly due to pressure from other developers within Valve who wanted to figure on a Portal product. Work began soon after the discharge of Portal. Valve committed more resources to Portal 2’s development than that they had for the primary game; Portal had a team of seven or eight people, but Portal 2 had a team of 30 or 40. The initial team of 4 was expanded as subgroups formed to plan game mechanics and to plot the story. Participants in internal review processes were inspired by what they saw to hitch the project. consistent with Erik Wolpaw, some Portal 2 developers worked on the Left 4 Dead games to assist them to meet milestones, but returned to Portal 2, “with extra people in tow.” Kim Swift, Portal’s designer, left Valve for Airtight Games halfway through Portal 2’s development.


Portal 2 won the title of “Ultimate Game of the Year” at the 2011 Golden Joystick Awards, and ranked second place on Time’s “Top 10 Video Games of 2011”. Gamasutra, IGN, Eurogamer, Kotaku, the Associated Press, and therefore the Mirror listed Portal 2 as their top computer game of 2011. the sport received twelve nominations including “Game of the Year” for the 2011 Spike computer game Awards, where it had been the most-nominated title,and won for “Best PC Game”, “Best Male Performance” for Stephen Merchant, “Best Female Performance” for Ellen McLain, “Best Downloadable Content”, and “Best Multiplayer Game”. The title was nominated for five Game Developers Choice Awards for 2012, including “Game of the Year”, and won within the “Best Narrative”, “Best Audio” and “Best Game Design” categories.


Based on sales data from, Portal 2 was the best-selling game within US within the first week of its release but was overtaken by Mortal Kombat in its second week. consistent with NPD Group, Portal 2 was the second-best-selling game within the U.S. in April 2011, at 637,000 copies, and therefore the fourth-best selling in May. However, NPD doesn’t include sales on Valve’s Steam platform. Portal 2 was the simplest selling game within the U.K. within the first week of its release, the primary number-one for a Valve game. It retained the highest spot during its second week.

Portal 2 was released a couple of days before the PlayStation Network outage. Gamasutra analyst Matt Matthews said that supported NPD Group data, the outage “did not seriously affect retail sales of software”, but some developers did report drops in sales. ShopToNews analyst Joe Anderson expected that the effect of the outage on UK sales of Portal 2 would be mild. On June 22, Newell announced that Portal 2 had sold 3 million copies. As of July 2011, Electronic Arts stated that quite 2 million copies of Portal 2 are sold by retailers worldwide. In an August 2011 interview, Newell stated that “Portal 2 did better on the PC than it did on the consoles”. Upon the release of the Perpetual Testing Initiative in May 2012, Newell stated that Portal 2 had shipped quite 4 million units, with the private computer versions outselling the console versions. Overall, Portal and Portal 2 had together shipped quite 8 million units.


  • Deceit is a first-person- shooter who supported deception and cooperation between players. This game will test your instincts of trust and deception during a social environment weren’t everyone is often a winner. 
  • Waking in an unknown location to the sound of an unfamiliar voice, surrounded by five others, and everyone you recognize needless to say is that you simply must find how out. With a 3rd of the group Infected with an epidemic, who does one trust?
  • Deceit tests your instincts at trust and deception in an action-filled, multiplayer first-person shooter. You awaken in unknown surroundings to the sound of the sports Master’s unfamiliar voice. 
  • Surrounded by five others, a 3rd of your group are infected with the Sport Master’s deadly virus and tasked with taking down the opposite innocent players. Innocents must stay alert, traverse the three zones, and escape through the security hatch because the infected attempt to pick you off one by one.
  • When playing as an innocent, you will progress through the map and are available across items to assist you to survive as you advance towards the exit. However, you will got to decide which of those are most precious to you, and whether to collaborate or fight with other players to urge your hands on them. 
  • Every decision gives you more information on your teammates and what side they’re likely to get on.
  • A test of strategy and skill, innocents must work together to collect weapons, secure objectives, and kill those suspected of infection to strengthen their chances of survival. But the environment has been set up to cause conflict amongst the group, creating doubt about truth intentions of players. 
  • The infected are going to be busy collecting bloody and trying to hide their sabotage attempts, whilst the innocents are going to be keeping an eye fixed out for suspicious behavior and attempting to form alliances with those they think they will trust.
  • At the top of every zone, a blackout period occurs, allowing the infected players to rework into their terror form and attack. You will need this type to kill innocent players. In terror form, you’re faster, stronger, and have better vision than your innocent victims and with an array of intense killing animations, you’ll be ready to create some frightening but also amusing gameplay!
  • Deceit combines the frenzy of fast-paced combat mixed with strategic gameplay and in fact the psychological mind games of determining who you’ll trust.


  • Alex

Alex may be a blond or blue-haired white male.

  • Chang

Chang is an Asian male who can either have a shaved head or a blond mohawk.

  • Lisa

Lisa may be a black female with an afro.

  • Rachel

Rachel may be a blond white female.

  • Hans

Hans is an older white male with grey hair.

  • Nina

Nina may be a white female with dyed purple/pink hair.

  • The Terror

The Terrors are often either a red, flesh-like color; a green color; a pale color; or a darker black color. There also are yeti Terrors and werewolf Terrors.

Other details

Paranoia is at the guts of any great horror experience. It’s a sense that sticks with you and guides your actions no matter their rationality. This was what caused me to shoot two of my friends over nothing quite fear and lies virtually, of course. Enter Deceit, an independent horror game developed and published by Mostly Positive.

Available on the PC, Deceit tasks you and five other players with surviving an evening during a few different creepy locations. Two of the six players are monsters and that they need to brutally murder the opposite four survivors before they will escape. The catch is everyone appears to be normal and only the 2 monsters know they’re infected. This crafts an experience where every action, decision, and even word you speak determines your survival. Deceit asks players to both trust and distrust each other because you’ll almost never know needless to say who is on your side.

  • This is a recipe for any great multiplayer experience and a couple of other notable titles have used this idea. Where Deceit differs is it’s getting to not be funny or light-hearted, but absolutely terrifying. Environments harken back to classic horror settings like a haunted mansion, tangled forest, and a search base within the Arctic. Every game is defined by two phases light and dark with the previous acting as how for players to collect supplies and therefore the latter giving the monsters an opportunity to show the tide of battle.
  • Only when it’s dark an infected player can become a monster allowing them to instantly kill players. to try to do this they have to gather blood samples scattered around the map. Since players can see you’re taking blood bags, the infected got to either grab them when most are busy or attempt to shift the blame onto other players. this is often where the paranoia begins to seep in because unless you visually catch someone within the act you’re going off their word that they didn’t touch the blood.
  • Since all you would like to try to do is press a key to require blood, it’s possible to garbage down this resource quickly. In one of my first games, an enormous argument broke out amongst everyone allowing someone to grab more blood. This poured more fuel onto an already raging fire as trust broke down between the six players. Since anyone is often “voted out” of the sport after taking an excessive amount of damage, alliances began forming to undertake and control the bulk of votes. One missing blood bag shattered every promise we made during the course of the match.
  • Deceit masterfully stokes these paranoia-driven fires by having a number of the blood bags just vanish when it gets dark, regardless if someone drank from it or not. the sport never explains this mechanic and cheekily gives the looks of the infected drinking more blood than they really have. On top of that, there are random NPC monsters hanging that will groan and yell if you get to shut. They can’t hurt you, but their sounds are precisely the same because of the player-controlled monsters.
  • There also are a couple of gadgets that will be used, but the infected players can use them too when in human form. By doing this, Deceit allows the player’s own imagination and fears to make them question every decision made. Is that guy hoarding all the things because he’s infected? Are the 2 monsters working together to urge the shotgun? Is posing for traps getting to look too suspicious? Everything is made upon flimsy often false promises and reassurances about their intentions.
  • Things get even worse because you’ve got no way of determining who is infected before a match starts. During my first night twiddling with friends, I ended up being a survivor for 9 games during a row. My friends took notice of this and by the fourth game, I used to be always a top contender for being one among the infected. Nothing I might say or do could convince them I used to be a survivor. Their distrust and sheer paranoia made them believe I used to be always infected. I mean, how can someone be so unlucky at not being a monster, right? This led them to kill me quite a few times albeit I used to be trying my best to prove I wasn’t the enemy.
  • In contrast, the monsters need to make the players afraid and unsure of their own decisions. The infected haven’t any real advantage when it’s light out, so users need to believe their own words and other’s actions. It’s your job to shine a light-weight on all the imperfections of a person’s attitude or movements. Since the infected know who may be a monster and who isn’t, they will sell lies by believing each other. This makes any alliance sketchy because how can we know they aren’t the monsters working together?
  • This is how I turned on two friends in one match and ended up killing them. A buddy who ended up being infected pointed out that these two people were always together. All of my attention foolishly shifted to these people as I watched them from afar. Eventually, their random excursions away from the group caused me to turn on them. With the help of the infected, I knocked down and voted my own allies out of the game.
  • I was promptly killed by the infected thirty seconds later.
  • While Deceit is not a perfect game by any means, it’s unique design allows us to project our own fears onto others. Mostly Positive turns our imagination against us and utilizes it as a tool to scare players. This makes the final moments of realization before you die or escape truly horrific. Every choice, lie, and backstab comes to light when those monsters emerge from the darkness. Then when the dust settles, you take this fear and bring it into the next game. Everyone’s a liar. Everyone’s a monster. Nowhere is safe.



Red Dead Redemption 2 is a 2018 action-adventure game developed and published by Rockstar Games. The game is the third entry in the Red Dead series and is a prequel to the 2010 game Red Dead Redemption. The story is set in 1899 in a fictionalized representation of the Western, Midwestern, and Southern United States and follows outlaw Arthur Morgan, a member of the Van der Linde gang. Arthur must affect the decline of the Wild West whilst attempting to survive against government forces, rival gangs, and other adversaries. The story also follows fellow gang member John Marston, the protagonist of Red Dead Redemption.


After a botched ferry heist in 1899, the Van der Linde gang is forced to go away their substantial money stash and flee Blackwater. Realizing the progress of civilization is ending the time of outlaws, they plan to gain enough money to flee the law and retire. They rob a train owned by Cornwall, who hires Pinkertons to apprehend them. The gang performs jobs to earn money, as Dutch continually promises subsequent heists are going to be their last. Following a shootout with the Pinkertons in Valentine, the gang relocates to Lemoyne, where they work simultaneously for the Grays and Braithwaites in an effort to show them against one another. However, the families double-cross them: the Grays kill a gang member during an ambush, while the Braithwaites kidnap and sell Jack to Bronte. The gang retaliate and destroy both families before retrieving Jack from Bronte, who offers them leads on work, but eventually double-crosses them. Dutch kidnaps and feeds him to an alligator as revenge, which disturbs Arthur.

The gang robs a bank in St. Denis, but the Pinkertons intervene, killing Hosea and arresting John. Dutch, Arthur, Bill, Javier, and Micah escape the town via a ship heading to Cuba. A torrential storm sinks the ship, and therefore the men wash ashore on the island of Garma, where they become embroiled during a war between tyrannical sugar planter Fussar and the enslaved local population. After helping the revolutionaries kill Fussar, the group secure transport back to the US and reunite with the remainder of the gang.

Dutch obsesses over one last heist and doubts Arthur’s loyalty after he disobeys him by liberating John before planned, naming Micah his top lieutenant in Arthur’s place. Arthur becomes concerned that Dutch is not any longer the person he knew, as he’s becoming insular, abandons their ideals, and murders Cornwall. He is faced together with his mortality when he’s diagnosed with tuberculosis. Arthur reflects on his actions and the way to guard the gang following his death, telling John to run away with Abigail and Jack and openly defying Dutch by aiding the local Native American people. When the Pinkertons assault the camp, Dutch becomes paranoid that a gang member is functioning as an informant. Several gang members become disenchanted and leave, while Dutch and Micah arrange one final heist of a military payroll train.

Initial details

  • America, 1899. The end of the Wild West era has begun as lawmen seek out the last remaining outlaw gangs. Those who won’t surrender or succumb are killed. After a robbery goes badly wrong within the western town of Blackwater, Arthur Morgan and therefore the Van der Linde gang are forced to escape. With federal agents and therefore the best bounty hunters within the nation massing on their heels, the gang must rob, steal, and fight their way across the rugged heartland of America in order to survive. As deepening internal divisions threaten to tear the gang apart, Arthur must make a choice between his own ideals and loyalty to the gang who raised him.
  • With all-new graphical and technical enhancements for deeper immersion, Red Dead Redemption 2 for PC takes full advantage of the facility of the PC to bring every corner of this massive, rich and detailed world to life including increased draw distances; higher-quality global illumination and ambient occlusion for improved day and night lighting; improved reflections and deeper, higher resolution shadows in the least distances; tessellated tree textures and improved grass and fur textures for added realism in every plant and animal.
  • Red Dead Redemption 2 for PC also offers HDR support, the power to run high-end display setups with 4K resolution and beyond, multi-monitor configurations, widescreen configurations, faster frame rates, and more.
  • Red Dead Redemption 2 for PC also includes additional Story Mode content including Bounty Hunting Missions, Gang Hideouts, Weapons and more; plus free access to the shared living world of Red Dead Online featuring all previously released improvements and therefore the latest content for the entire Online experience including Frontier Pursuits and the specialist Roles of The Bounty Hunter, Trader and Collector, and much more.
  • Red Dead Redemption 2 for PC is that the ultimate thanks to experience one among the foremost critically acclaimed games of all time, winner of over 175 Game of the Year Awards and recipient of over 250 perfect scores.


The game’s development began soon after Red Dead Redemption’s release and was shared between all of Rockstar’s studios worldwide. The development team drew influence from real locations as against film or art, focused on creating an accurate reflection of the time with the game’s characters and world. The game was Rockstar’s first built specifically for eighth-generation consoles, having tested their technical capabilities while porting grand larceny Auto V to the platforms. The game’s soundtrack features an ingenious score composed by Woody Jackson and a number of other vocal tracks produced by Daniel Lanois.


The world of Red Dead Redemption 2 spans five fictitious U.S. states. The states of latest Hanover, Ambarino and Lemoyne are new the series and are located to the immediate north and east of Red Dead Redemption’s world, whilst the states of the latest Austin and West Elizabeth return from Red Dead Redemption. The states are centered on the San Luis and Lannahechee Rivers and therefore the shores of Flat Iron Lake. Ambarino may be a mountain wilderness, with the most important settlement being a Native American reservation; New Hanover may be a wide valley that has become a hub of industry and is home to the cattle town of Valentine; and Lemoyne consists of bayous and plantations resembling Louisiana, and is home to the Southern town of Rhodes and therefore the former French colony of Saint-Denis, analogous to New Orleans.


The player takes on the role of Arthur Morgan (Roger Clark), a lieutenant and veteran member of the Van der Linde gang. The gang is led by Dutch van der Linde (Benjamin Byron Davis), a charismatic man who extols personal freedom and decries the encroaching march of recent civilization. The gang also includes Dutch’s ally and co-leader Hosea Matthews (Curzon Dobell), Red Dead Redemption protagonist John Marston (Rob Wiethoff), his partner Abigail Roberts (Cali Elizabeth Moore) and son Jack Marston (Marissa Buccianti and Ted Sutherland), the lazy Uncle (John O’Creagh and James McBride), gunslingers Bill Williamson (Steve J. Palmer), Javier Escuella (Gabriel Sloyer), and Micah Bell (Peter Blomquist), Native American hunter Charles Smith (Noshir Dalal), and housewife-turned-bounty hunter Sadie Adler (Alex McKenna).

Other details

  • America, 1899.

Arthur Morgan and therefore the Van der Linde gang are outlaws on the run. With federal agents and therefore the best bounty hunters within the nation massing on their heels, the gang must rob, steal, and fight their way across the rugged heartland of America in order to survive. As deepening internal divisions threaten to tear the gang apart, Arthur must make a choice between his own ideals and loyalty to the gang who raised him.

  • Now featuring additional Story Mode content and a fully-featured Photo Mode, Red Dead Redemption 2 also includes free access to the shared living world of Red Dead Online, where players take on an array of roles to carve their own unique path on the frontier as they track wanted criminals as a Bounty Hunter, create a business as a Trader, unearth exotic treasures as a Collector or run an underground distillery as a Moonshiner and much more.
  • With all-new graphical and technical enhancements for deeper immersion, Red Dead Redemption 2 for PC takes full advantage of the facility of the PC to bring every corner of this massive, rich and detailed world to life including increased draw distances; higher-quality global illumination and ambient occlusion for improved day and night lighting; improved reflections and deeper, higher resolution shadows in the least distances; tessellated tree textures and improved grass and fur textures for added realism in every plant and animal.
  • Red Dead Redemption 2 for PC also offers HDR support, the power to run high-end display setups with 4K resolution and beyond, multi-monitor configurations, widescreen configurations, faster frame rates, and more.

Sales and launch

Widely anticipated and marketed before release, Red Dead Redemption 2 broke several records and had the second-biggest launch in the history of entertainment, generating US$725 million in sales from its opening weekend and exceeding the lifetime sales of Red Dead Redemption in two weeks. It received critical acclaim, with praise directed at its story, characters, open world, graphics, and a considerable level of detail; minor criticism was directed at its control scheme and emphasis on realism over player freedom. Considered as an example of video games as an art form, it won year-end accolades including Game of the Year awards from several gaming publications. It is among the best-selling video games of all time with over 32 million copies shipped.